In the United States, a basic herbal medicine (BHM) is defined as one that contains a specific, unprocessed plant extract, and is not intended to be used for any other purpose than that of treating or preventing a specific disease or condition.
The term BHM is also used to describe a combination of two or more herbs or spices that are combined in a concentrated form for the purpose of treating a particular condition.
This definition also allows for the use of a variety of herbs and spices, which include herbs that are not commonly used in traditional medicine, and are therefore not included in the definition of a BHM.
If you would like to learn more about the difference between BHM and a conventional herbal, read our article on what a BHC is.
A common misconception is that a BMH is not a traditional medicine.
While there are some exceptions to this, a BHB is considered to be a “traditional” herbal if it contains at least 10% of the components listed below.
However, it is important to understand that these components are not always present in BHMs.
A BHB contains the following ingredients: 1.
A standardized extract (e.g., a pure botanical) that is not listed on the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or FDA-approved label.
Water that is 0.2–0.5% alcohol.
A salt (e)sodium chloride (NaCl), which is often added to a BHM to prevent the tea from breaking down and spoiling.
Some other ingredients, including sodium chloride (CaCl2), which can be used as an emulsifier.
Other ingredients that are usually added to help the tea dissolve.
A “food source” such as honey, coconut milk, almond milk, soy milk, or some combination of these.
Essential oils, including peppermint oil and lavender oil.
The inclusion of essential oils is a sign of a traditional BHC.
For example, many BHMS include essential oils in their teas.
It is common for traditional herbalists to include a few essential oils, but the inclusion of more than 10% is considered a violation of the BHC’s ingredient requirements.
If a BHA or BHMP is not specifically listed on a BHP, the ingredient is likely to be added as a food source.
For this reason, many traditional herbalist websites do not list essential oils.
For information on how to identify a BHS, click here.
For more information about the components of a natural herbal, see our article about herbal medicine.
The FDA and FDA-Approved Label for a BHO: A BHO is a plant extract that contains at most 10% by weight of a standardized, purified botanical, as well as water that is at least 0.5–0 .6% alcohol, and sodium chloride.
This amount is not standardized or purified.
In addition to these ingredients, the BHO must contain a salt (Na+Cl3) of at least 1 mg/ml, a sugar (such as maple syrup or molasses), and other essential oils (e).
These ingredients must be present in the product at all times.
For BHOM, a list of ingredients is provided in the listing of the ingredient on the FDA- approved label.
For further information on the BHMO, click on the links to the right.
The BHMI’s Health Profiles are provided by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCANAM), a division of the National Institutes of Health.
NCANAM’s website includes a listing of herbal medicines, herbal products, herbal supplements, herbal treatments, and herbal health products.
The list of herbal products includes herbal teas, herbal teaware, herbal pills, herbal powders, herbal capsules, herbal creams, and other herbal products.
Some of the herbal products listed are FDA-approved products, but NCANam does not recommend that the products be used on a regular basis.